Using Google Scholar

Earlier we briefly discussed copying and pasting references from Google Scholar. To repeat, they are often a good starting point and can save you some typing. But, do NOT simply cut and paste them. You need to think and check every one to ensure 100% accuracy.

To use Google Scholar go to https://scholar.google.com. I typed in “occupational stress” and below is one of the returned results. To obtain the reference click on Cite.

GoogleScholar 1

The following window will open.

 GoogleScholar 2

You will see the reference in several different formats including APA and you can even export the information for use into several citation management tools.

Looking closely at the APA style reference you will notice a few errors. First the “h” in health should be capitalized. Second the volume number is missing. It should be between the journal name and page numbers. I had to go look up the volume number and found the article was published in volume 21 (issue number 3).

Using the same search terms here are a few others that I copied and mindlessly pasted here.

Vachon, M. L. (1987). Occupational stress in the care of the critically ill, the dying, and the bereaved. Hemisphere Publishing Corp.

This one above is a book and it is missing the location information.

Guglielmi, R. S., & Tatrow, K. (1998). Occupational stress, burnout, and health in teachers: A methodological and theoretical analysis. Review of educational research, 68(1), 61-99.

The capitalization of the journal name is incorrect in the reference above.

Pithers, R. T., & Fogarty, G. J. (1995). Occupational stress among vocational teachers. British Journal of Educational Psychology.

This Pithers and Fogarty reference is missing the volume number and page numbers. That’s a significant omission.

Russek, H. I., & Zohman, B. L. (1958). RELATIVE SIGNIFICANCE OF HEREDITY, DIET AND OCCUPATIONAL STRESS IN CORONARY HEART DISEASE OF YOUNG ADULTS BASED ON AN ANALYSIS OF 100 PATIENTS BETWEEN THE ACES OF 25 AND 40 YEARS AND A SIMILAR GROUP OF 100 NORMAL CONTROL SUBJECTS. The American journal of the medical sciences, 235(3), 266-277.

The ALL CAPS article title above should be immediately obvious, but also notice the journal name is incorrectly capitalized.

Test Yourself


 1. Google Scholar is an awesome tool to use in research

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